text of the topic
The first English colony in America was in Virginia at the beginning of the 17 century.
Here they didn’t find gold or silver, but they discovered tobacco. Virginians were soon making a lot of money withgrowing and selling tobacco. In the island of Barbados the inhabitants made themselves rich with the plant of sugar. These planters used Negro slaves who had to do very hard work.
This was true of all the English colonies south of Maryland, and in West Indies. Europeans used to give guns to African black people, who assaulted and destroyed rival villages and took many prisoners. They put heavy collars round their necks and tied them in long lines. If the prisoners lived too far from the sea, they made them walk many miles every day as far as the sea where Europeans waited to buy them. They struck them with whips, if they didn’t walk fast enough, and if someone fell exhausted they just shot them were they laid.
They used to sell them one by one, not in groups of families so it often happened that families were kept at distance and never met again. Then came the worst: they were taken to ships and chained together. They sailed for weeks in this condition, the smell and the heat was unbearable. Many died from desease, and some from dispair.
When they arrived they were taken to a market place, where they were sold once again. They treated them as horses for the same reason: the buyers wanted them to work and if they disobeyed they were struck with whips. Besides, they were obliged to marry the women they didn’t love. They desired to rebel and go back to Africa, but they knew they were going to be slaves, and so were their children and their children’s children forever. No one knows how many Africans were taken to America as slaves. Merchants in Liverpool and Bristol loaded their ships with cotton cloths and iron goods. They swapped these goods with slaves in Africa, and sold the slaves in the West Indies or in the southern colonies on the mainland. With the money they bought sugar and tobacco. Men in the slave trade became rich, as did the planters.
- non si spinge
- non si prendono le flash cards a caso
si scrivono su delle flash card delle parole prese dal testo (quelle evidenziate)
si appendono al muro o si posizionano a terra,
un alunno legge il testo
due alunni devono afferrare le parole man mano che vengono pronunciate
1. Find: trovare 13. Taken to: portati
2. Growing: coltivazioni 14. Unbearable: insopportabile
3. Slave: schiavo 15. Desease: malattia
4. True: vero 16. Despair: disperazione
5. Gun: arma 17. Sold: passato di sell (vendere)
6. Neck: collo 18. Struck: passato di strike (colpire)
7. to tie: legare 19. Forever: per sempre
8. whip: frusta 20. Swap: scambiare
9. buy: comprare 21. Bought: passato di Buy (comprare)
10. enough: abbastanza 22. Trade: (mercaco, traffico)
11. shot: passato di shoot (colpire)
12. laid : passato di to lay (giacere)
rispondi se le seguenti frasi riferite al testo sono vere o false
a. Black people distroyed the villages to take prisoners and to sell them to white people
b. If black people disobeyed, Europeans let them free
c. Families of prisoners were bought toghether and they could live in the same houses
d. They could marry a person they loved
e. Merchants in Liverpool and Bristol swapped slaves with cotton cloth and iron goods
f. They were taken to a ship and brought to a market place
g. This text is about the slave trade in the 17th century
Answer the questions
1. What is this text about?
2. Where was the first colony?
3. Who attacked and destroyed the African villages?
4. Why did they attack the villages?
5. Could the prisoners stay with their families?
6. What happened if they refused to obey orders?
7. Where were the black people taken?
8. What did the merchants exchange the prisoners for?
9. What were the slaves obliged to do?